Verdi, Wagner, Bellini, Glinka, Rachmaninov, Rubinstein, Bizet, Khachaturian, Pakhmutova, Dunayevsky, Babzhanian, Orbelian
Tonight’s concert by baritone Dmitri Hvorostovsky and the Armenian Philharmonic was peculiar long before it started. Ostensibly part of the annual Yerevan Perspectives Music Festival, it appeared neither on the Festival’s published program nor on the Armenian Philharmonic’s schedule. But when posters went up around town, tickets sold out. Only cheap seats were available when I got to the box office, and in retrospect that was a good thing because this concert was not worth more than a 10-dollar ticket. After the concert sold out (or over-sold out, since some people were literally sitting on every available stair in the aisles and standing to fill every other empty space), black market tickets were going for well above face value.
A list of composers was published on the concert flier, so presumably they knew what they were performing in advance. But to tell us what was being performed, they hired a master of ceremonies. Sometimes he was too slow to announce the next selection. Sometimes Hvorostovsky beat him too it. Sometimes we just had to guess. A program would have been a nicer idea.
The first half of the program contained a mix of arias and orchestral overtures. Hvorostovsky is clearly more comfortable in the Russian repertory, and Aleko’s lament from Rachmaninov’s Aleko and an aria from Rubinstein’s Demon remain signature works, combining loving sensitivity with drama. His singing style may be less suited for German and Italian repertory, at least for tonight’s selections, since his voice can sound somewhat bitter and not subtle in those languages, and this undermined the portrayal in Wolfram’s Ode to the Evening Star from Wagner’s Tannhäuser and in another aria that sounded (I’ll guess) like it came from Bellini’s Puritani. It worked better for Escamillo’s bullfighting aria from Bizet’s Carmen, as Hvorostovsky ostentatiously made his appearance in the middle of the orchestral introduction, and then gave a swashbuckling portrayal quite appropriate for the scene (this may also have worked better since French is already an ugly enough language, and a biting Russian baritone will not make that worse).
The orchestra mostly kept pace, under the baton of the Armenian-American conductor Constantine Orbelian, but Orbelian does not have the same control that the orchestra’s music director Eduard Topchjan has. Topchjan is perhaps the only one to make this orchestra sound good. Tonight, they reverted down several levels, missing notes and entrances, and failing to allow natural phrasing in the music to flow, making the performance somewhat disjointed. When Hvorostovsky sang, they thankfully stayed in the background (with some glaring exceptions). When performing the overtures to Verdi’s Nabucco, Glinka’s Ruslan i Lyudmila, Bizet’s Carmen, they just served to keep the audience entertained while Hvorostovsky took a breather. Likewise for a Khachaturian dance in the concert’s second half.
When I worked in Russia, someone told me that someone famous (unfortunately, I forget who) once quipped that if the Russians have ever done anything cultured, they learned it from the Jews, the Armenians, or the Georgians. The second half of the concert seemed designed to prove that no matter how well they have been trained, Russians remain tasteless underneath. I suppose Hvorostovsky selects his own programs, so I will blame him. His selections in the second half converted the hall into a Russian nightclub, but with the accompaniment scored for full orchestra to ensure it could become as tacky as possible. He sang a string of Russian-language songs by Russian and Armenian composers (according to the flier: Pakhmutova, Dunayevsky, Babzhanian, and Konstanin Orbelian – the last being the uncle of the conductor and who came on stage personally to accompany Hvorostovsky and the orchestra on a miked piano, and whose music is as cheesy as it was when I last suffered through it in 2011). Hvorostovsky used a microphone for these songs (he correctly did not use one in the first half of the program). Why someone with his voice needed amplification is a mystery, but it just made the sound more seedy and defeated the point of paying to hear him sing live. His gold chain glittered under his half-unbuttoned shiny black shirt.
Audience reaction was mixed. Some – presumably the Russified Armenians, of whom there are far too many – clearly loved it and applauded madly. But a sizable minority had expressions of disgust on their faces similar to mine. After politely sitting through the scheduled part of the concert, and sitting on our hands during the applause, we waited to see what Hvorostovsky would do for encores. He began with two differently-scored versions of the Russian nightclub favorite “Dark Eyes.” When it became clear that the encores would continue in the same manner, lots of us got up and walked out.