Beethoven, Mozart, Schostakowitsch, Elgar
The Berlin Konzerthausorchester, as its name implies the house orchestra of a concert hall in Berlin (and apparently an offshoot of the once reasonably-good Berliner Symphoniker), has come to Salzburg for three nights, with a bunch of works that do not logically fit together in any particular way (nor do the program notes provide an explanation for the selection). Tonight’s concert: Beethoven’s Piano Concerto #1 (with a movement from a Mozart sonata for solo piano as an encore) and Schostakowitsch’s Symphony #5 (with “Nimrod” from Elgar’s Enigma Variations as an encore). (Tomorrow night’s concert has the same program, which I won’t repeat; Friday’s concert has mismatched Prokofiev and Haydn – since I fly on the weekend, I may need to work late on Friday so I’ll likely skip that one.)
Berliner Martin Helmchen played the piano solos, and another Berliner, Michael Sanderling, conducted. Sanderling is the third of three sons of the late conductor Kurt Sanderling – and all three sons themselves became conductors. I heard his father conduct in Zurich in 2002 on his farewell tour (he retired that year at 90 years old). The youngest Sanderling (who is actually turning 48 later this month) may have inherited his father’s understanding of music, but may not have inherited his father’s ability to communicate that understanding. Or maybe not with this orchestra. The Berlin Konzerthausorchestra was technically sound, responded to Sanderling’s shaping, but something was missing: feeling. Although the interpretation was clear, the outcome was rigid.
The Beethoven concerto, written at the end of the 18th century, remains in that century even as it shows signs of Beethoven’s growing genius. Tonight’s performance took it carefully with a light touch. The Mozart encore perhaps allowed the Beethoven to shine more. Although it may be sacrilegious to say this in Salzburg, Beethoven eclipses Mozart. If Mozart had never existed, the world would be deprived of a lot of beautiful music by Mozart, but that’s all. If Beethoven had never existed, music would not have evolved the same way, and we would not only be deprived of music by Beethoven, but by much of what came after. Helmchen’s beautifully-played Mozart encore proved the point.
As for the Schostakowitsch symphony, Sanderling clearly understood the work, and the orchestra dutifully followed his interpretation. But understanding it and being fluent in it are not quite the same. Schostakowitsch’s Fifth is often misinterpreted as a triumphal Soviet work; in reality, it is about as triumphal as an a defeated man being ordered to celebrate while having a gun pointed at his head. Sanderling took the tempi slowly, which drew out the irony and the pain underlying the music. The percussion pierced. The orchestra did as instructed, but in this case the middle bits dragged, and thus lost the complex emotions. Maybe Berliners are not capable of emotion.
After such a work, the encore had to be lighter but not too happy. Elgar’s “Nimrod” served the purpose well, even if it is an over-used encore these days. The orchestra played sentimentally, but maybe not enough so.